About- National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber Physical System
Hon'ble Prime Minister while addressing 104th Indian National Science Congress stated that “one important area that needs to be addressed is the rapid global rise of Cyber-Physical Systems. This has the potential to pose unprecedented challenges and stresses to our demographic dividend. But we can turn it into a huge opportunity by research, training and skilling in robotics, artificial intelligence, digital manufacturing, big data analysis, deep learning, quantum communication and Internet-of-Things. There is a need to develop and exploit these technologies in services and manufacturing sectors; in agriculture, water, energy & traffic management; health, environment, infrastructure and Geo-Information Systems; security; financial systems and in combating crime. We need to develop an Inter-Ministerial National Mission in the Cyber-Physical Systems to secure our future by creation of basic R&D infrastructure, manpower and skills.”
Vigyan 2030 stipulates that Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) should be taken up as a National Mission and states that “CPS will address the threat to jobs, security and strategic requirements that the new industrial revolution poses. The goal is to ensure opportunity by generating new directions and training. The areas of focus could be in various Major Technologies like Big Data, Manufacturing, and Quantum Communication.Train youth at all levels, develop Incubators and start-ups in these areas and set up Top Level Challenges. Push commercialisation around innovative MSMEs and ensure diffusion Industry 4.0 through Manufacturing and Services. Where necessary, there will be collaborations internationally.”
Hon'ble Union Finance Minister in his budget speech on 1stFebruary 2018 stated that “Combining cyber and physical systems have great potential to transform not only innovation ecosystem but also our economies and the way we live. To invest in research, training and skilling in robotics, artificial intelligence, digital manufacturing, big data analysis, quantum communication and internet of things, Department of Science & Technology will launch a Mission on Cyber Physical Systems to support establishment of centers of excellence.”The National Mission on ICPS (NM-ICPS) is in line with high aspirations and offers a strategy to achieve the stated vision.
combines digital/ cyber elements with physical objects (e.g. machines, autonomous vehicles) and data with capabilities of communication, data collection & processing, computing, decision making and action. Cyber-Physical Systems allow organizations to take timely and optimal interventions/ actions. CPS is an integrated system involving Sensors, Communication, Actuators, Control, interconnected computing networks and data analytics.
The proposed NM-ICPS is a comprehensive Mission aimed at complete convergence with all stakeholders by establishing strong linkages between academia, industry, Government and International Organizations. The Mission will work with all the concerned Ministries/ Departments to identify their technology needs, develop solutions and technical support in CPS implementation . The Mission will be implemented through 25 number of Technology Innovation Hubs (TIHs) to be established as part of the Mission in the top academic and National R&D Institutes. Hubs will be the platform for executing all Mission activities.The Mission management includes a Mission Governing Board (MGB) supported by an Inter-Ministerial Coordination Committee (IMCC) and Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC). In addition, there will be Subject Expert Committees, Sectoral Committees, Cluster Committees and International Advisory Committees to look into the specific requirements of Mission Implementation. Each of these Committees will have subject experts, academicians and industry partners will be involved in implementation of projects. Mission will create a database with initial target of 100 experts to be involved in implementation of projects.
CPS technologies provide a cutting edge to a Nation’s scientific, engineering, and technological innovative capabilities; support other missions of the government, provide industrial and economic competitiveness and have truly became a Strategic Resource. Volume, scale and complexity of emerging applications demand continued evolution of new technologies for the foreseeable future. The proposed Mission would act as an engine of growth that would benefit national initiatives in health, education, energy, environment, agriculture, strategic cum security, and industrial sectors, Industry 4.0, SMART Cities, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) etc. CPS is an integrated system of upcoming technology, which in turn is being taken up on priority basis by countries in the race for development. CPS will indeed bring a paradigm shift in entire skill sets requirement. The job opportunities will be enhanced through the Mission by imparting advanced skills and generating skilled manpower as per the requirement of the industry/ society. As Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Start-up Ecosystem is an integral part of the proposed NM-ICPS, the start-ups will also create a number of technology driven job opportunities in CPS and allied areas.
The Mission will feed the Central Ministries/ Departments and State Govts and also the Industry to effectively use the CPS technologies in their core mandate, projects and schemes for the benefit of the society.
NM-ICPS is a Pan India Mission and covers entire gamut of India that includes Central Ministries, State Governments, Industry and Academia.
The Mission will have four major activities i.e., 1. Technology Development, 2. Human Resource & Skill Development (including development of CPS technology application tools for education at elementary and high school level), 3. Innovation, Entrepreneurship & Start-Up Ecosystem and 4. International Collaborations.
The Mission Office at DST will be responsible for implementation of the Mission. The activities like preparation of guidelines, release of RFP, selection of Host Institutes, signing of MoUs, release of funds, evaluation, preparation of budget, Organizing meetings of MGB, IMCC, SAC and other sub-committees constituted by MGB and initiation of actions as per recommendations/ approvals.
The CPS and associated streams and on all aspects of ICPS research in India will be coordinated under the umbrella of NM-ICPS with a broader scope of Translational Research, Technology Development, HRD, Start-up development. The Mission would institute research through academic collaborations and foster in-depth investigations to understand the processes and phenomena that are in operation leading to the development of CPS applications. A dedicated group of scientists, in collaboration with several other national academic and research institutions of excellence, associated with industry, would carry out major research programmes under directed research and extramural funding mechanisms to meet the requirements of Ministries/ Departments/ Industry. It will establish links with specialized institutions in the country and abroad for establishment and strengthening of advanced facilities for research. The ICPS would also establish workable research collaborations with International academic institutions for the advancement of CPS and associated research in the country.
(i) Make India a leading player in CPS technologies.
(ii) Achieve translation of CPS technologies for societal and commercial use, nurture startups and increase in the job market.
(iii) Produce next generation technocrats in CPS technologies.
(i) To promote translational research in Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) and associated technologies.
(ii) To develop technologies, prototypes and demonstrate associated applications pertaining to national priorities.
(iii) To enhance high-end researchers base, Human Resource Development (HRD) and skill-sets in these emerging areas.
(iv) To enhance core competencies, capacity building and training to nurture innovation and start-up ecosystem.
(v) To set up world-class interdisciplinary centers of excellence in several academic institutions across the country, that can become repositories of core expertise in CPS and related areas and serve as focal points for technology inputs for the industry and policy advice for the government
(vi) To involve Government and Industry R&D labs as partners in the collaboration centers. Incentivise private participation to encourage professional execution and management of pilot scale research projects
(vii) To set mission mode application goals and foundational themes for excellence for different centers. Set up CPS test beds at various centers.
(vii) To tie up with incubation centers and accelerators to foster close collaboration with entrepreneurship eco-system.
(ix) To address some of the National issues and development of sector-specific solutions.
To evolve models for promoting and fostering CPS and applications in the country
(i) Assess the present status of the industry in terms of market size, different players providing services across sectors/ functions, opportunities, SWOT analysis, policy framework, present skill levels available etc.
(ii) Market landscape survey to assess the future opportunities and demand for skill levels.
(iii) To involve Government and Industry R&D labs as partners in the collaboration centers. Incentivise private participation to encourage professional execution and management of pilot scale research projects
(iv) To set mission mode application goals and foundational themes for excellence for different centers. Set up CPS test beds at various centers.
(v) To tie up with incubation centers and accelerators to foster close collaboration with entrepreneurship eco-system.
(vi) To address some of the National issues and development of sector-specific solutions.