Technology Innovation Hub

As the Father of the Green Revolution in India - Dr. M. S. Swaminathan2 once said that “If agri- culture goes wrong, nothing else will have a chance to go right in the country”, there is perhaps nothing of more fundamental value than the Agriculture and Water for human survival. Green Revolution in India, with the onset of it in 1965 - Punjab alone started producing over 70% of the country’s total grains by 1970, had an immense impact on the socio-economic development of the country. In the race of growing more to serve the ever increasing population, the in- tensification of agriculture led to an overall degradation of agro-ecosystem due to the wrong agriculture practices, i.e., the overuse of fertilizers, pesticides and water. Some of the negative impacts of the adoption of wrong agriculture practices have been the (i) loss of soil fertility, (ii) diminishing water resources, (iii) contamination of soil, water and air, (iv) death of benefi- cial insects and wildlife, and (v) increased incidences of the livestock diseases. Various recent scientific reports on the residues of fertilizers and pesticides indicate the presence of nitrates, organo-chlorines/phosphates, synthetic pyrethroids and carbamates at the level higher than the permissible limit in dairy products, water, fodder & livestock feeds, and other food prod- ucts. Moreover, the stubble burning in Punjab and nearby states became a national issue and severely affected the environment. In short, the “Agriculture gone wrong in the country ”. The extent of damages caused to the soil/water and ecosystem in the process of growing more to feed the ever-growing population needs to be quantified, controlled and remedied. Otherwise, it could lead to irreversible consequences to the human-kind if the timely, adequate and sus- tainable measures are not taken up to mitigate the harm done by wrong farming practices. The Indian Institute of Technology Ropar has taken up an initiative to develop technology for application in the domain of agriculture & water towards the advancement of farming practices in the country. Thanks to the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, for identifying IIT Ropar to set up a Technology Innovation Hub (TIH) in the domain of Agriculture & Water - named as AWaDH (Agriculture & Water Technology Development Hub). At TIH - AWaDH, we will mainly concentrate on the development of CPS ( Cyber-Physical Systems) and IoT based collaborative robots (COBOTs) to address issues related to agriculture & water in line with the developed countries. ...

This Detailed Project Report (DPR) is a bluepaper of the technological advancements planned in the broad area of agriculture & water to improve the overall ecosystem. The main mission of TIH - AWaDH is to carry out research & development in the following technology domains, presented in different chapters of this DPR:
• Water treatment management
• Land resources and farm preparation
• Agriculture Automation for precision farming
• Harvesting and post-harvesting, and
• Connecting Internet of Things (IoTs) with Everything.
The scientific knowledge and technology advancements achieved in the domains mentioned above, in the framework of TIH - AWaDH, are proposed to apply in
(i) Food Processing Industries, (ii) proceedings for the Rural Development, (iii) Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, (iv) Textiles industry, mainly for the wastewater and discharge management, (v) Electronics and IT Industry for the development of IoT based COBOTs, (vi) Fertilizer industry for the optimized combinations of nutrients, (vii) Food and Public Distribution organizations, (viii) Atomic Energy, and (ix) NITI Aayog for implementing different government schemes.
This DPR is organized into different chapters starting from the Prelude of the Hub, which in- cludes a socio-economic analysis and introduction of the issues in the domain of the agriculture & water. The flow of the report deals with chapters from the inception to the implementation of farming practices in terms of preparation of farm land, pre/post-harvesting, delivery of the agricultural commodities to the consumers, preservation and storage without affecting the en- vironment. Some of the technologies that are detailed in this DPR are given here for ready reference.
• Design and development of IoT enabled nano-bubble technology units for water treatment. This includes the remediation and management of rural domestic and industrial wastew- ater for farming and other household applications.
• Problems and IoT based solutions for the water quality assessment and management.
• Technology for the generation and application of crop-residue derived Biochar.
• Applications of nuclear science & technology in the domain of agriculture & water. This in- cludes the development of a CPS for mapping of naturally occurring and artificially infused radioisotopes in soil and water, and AI/CPS powered Food Irradiation facility and strategy to optimized fertilizer application.
• CPS in the management & Recycling of Crop Residues which includes Design & development of IoT enabled Harvester-cum-Bailer machine for Stubble Management, and Extra-ordinary and diversified applications of stubble for better environment and new livelihoods oppor- tunities.
• Technology development for the advancement of urban land resources for vertical farming.
• Automation in agriculture for the precision farming in Rural and Urban settings.
• IoT in the Domain of Agriculture & Water for air and water quality assessment & manage- ment, stubble management systems, effective & efficient farming practices, and Livestock Monitoring in food processing industry.
Further, other aspects of TIH - AWaDH, such as; the target beneficiaries, environmental im- pact, objectives & technology development, the management of the Hub, plan for the revenue generation & sustainability, and finances, are presented in the last part of this DPR.

    TIH-Targets List

S.No. Target Area Set Targets Achieved Targets
1st Yr 2nd Yr 3rd Yr 4th Yr 5th Yr Total 1st Yr 2nd Yr 3rd Yr 4th Yr 5th Yr Total
1

Technology Development

1.1 No of Technologies (IP, Licensing, Patents etc) 1 3 5 6 7 22 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.2 Technology Products 3 5 5 8 10 31 3 0 0 0 0 3
1.3 Publications, IPR and other Intellectual activities 5 10 12 13 15 55 10 0 0 0 0 10
1.4 Increase in CPS Research Base 5 10 15 20 25 75 5 0 0 0 0 5
2

Entrepreneurship Development

2.1 Technology Business Incubator (TBI) 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1
2.2 Start-ups & Spin-off companies 3 5 8 10 10 36 3 0 0 0 0 3
2.3 GCC - Grand Challenges & Competitions 1 1 1 1 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 1
2.4 Promotion and Acceleration of Young and Aspiring technology entrepreneurs (PRAYAS) 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.5 CPS-Entrepreneur In Residence (EIR) 2 3 5 5 10 25 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.6 Dedicated Innovation Accelerator (DIAL) 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.7 CPS-Seed Support System (CPS- SSS) 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.8 Job Creation 100 400 1500 3000 3750 8750 67 0 0 0 0 67
3

Human Resource Development

3.1 Graduate Fellowships 60 60 50 50 30 250 55 0 0 0 0 55
3.2 Post Graduate Fellowships 15 15 10 10 0 50 4 0 0 0 0 4
3.3 Doctoral Fellowships 10 10 5 5 0 30 13 0 0 0 0 13
3.4 Faculty Fellowships 1 1 1 1 1 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.5 Chair Professors 1 1 1 1 1 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.6 Skill Development 50 100 150 150 150 600 50
(264)
0 0 0 0 50
3.7 Postdoctoral Fellowships 0 5 10 5 3 23 2 0 0 0 0 2
4

International Collaboration

4.1 International Collaboration 1 1 1 1 0 4 3 0 0 0 0 3
Total 261 632 1780 3286 4012 9971 217 0 0 0 0 217
Total Set Targets 9971 Total Achieved Targets 217