Technology Innovation Hub
Mining is a global industry that is fundamental to every product we use. A vital component of the mining industry is efficiency because most of the production revolves around transforming matter into different forms. It is often the case that small improvements in execution speed, process efficiency, or reduced downtimes separate a profitable operation from a complete failure. Nowadays, artificial intelligence is readily available in many of the products and services we use. Furthermore, cloud computing matured, hardware prices decreased, and machine to machine communication improved, leading to unexpected advances in mining and industrial technology. Further, the increases in analytics and artificial intelligence to the mix and one get the perfect environment for improving efficiency in all areas of a mining operation. India is endowed with vast mineral wealth. Properly tapped, it can help propel India's GDP growth, generate additional employment, and mitigate fiscal and forex challenges. The TIH plays a vital role in ensuring that the industry reaches its high potential. To safeguard some of the ambitious government initiatives like "Make in India," "Start-Up-India', "Skill Development," "Digital India," "Stand-Up India," and "National Skill Quality Framework" becomes a reality, it is imperative to grow the mining sector. The mining industry can propel the economy by creating employment, meeting the ever-growing demand of the downstream industries such as manufacturing and infrastructure, and also through increased fiscal contributions. To achieve this, it is imperative to march towards Mining 4.0 with a focus on Coal and Earth Science. India is heavily dependent on coal-based power for its electricity needs with Coal's contribution to electricity generation is 70%. Coal continues to be the most significant domestic source of energy supply and electricity generation. India produced 730 MT of coal in the F.Y. 2018-19. However, the consumption was 965 MT. Despite having the world's fourth-largest coal reserves, India imported 235 million tonnes of coal at total spending of Rs.1, 71,000 crores, out of which 100 million tonnes was not substitutable, as the grade was not available in India. However, about 150 MT of non-coking coal imports can be produced by enhancing our production. Demand is increasing, and there is a need to bridge the demand-supply gap by the adoption of frontier technologies. The mining industry worldwide is on the verge of digital disruption. The Indian mining sector must begin their journey towards digital transformation across the mining processes. The Future of Mining is smarter, faster, safer, and more data-driven than ever. The World Economic Forum has classified mining technologies into four main categories with the potential to add more than $315 billion of additional value to the mining industry. There is growing consensus in the Indian mining industry that the application of technology and innovations is going to bring a step-change in productivity, safety, and sustainability in mining.
IIT (ISM) has been entrusted for the establishment of a mining technology innovation hub under the National Mission for Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NMICPS). As mandated under the framework of National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM- ICPS) by DST, Govt. of India, Technology Innovation Hub (TIH) at IIT (ISM) is aimed at becoming the nodal center heading the innovation activities in mining and allied domains. The establishment of Technology Innovation Hub (TIH) for CPS based Mining Technologies at IIT (ISM) will prove to be a milestone for giving a new direction to the mining industry in India.
With leading-edge knowledge, competency and facilities, the TIH will attract potential and harness expertise available nationwide, thus fostering research innovation, world-class technology, and product development. It shall coordinate across the country and build linkages with research institutes and labs in India and abroad. The TIH will work in close collaboration with the mining industry to deliver industrial technology and products and build a vibrant innovation ecosystem by providing a reliable platform for technology-based start-ups and entrepreneurs.
The TIH in Mining 4.0 is aimed at achieving the following objectives in context to Exploration, Mining, and Mineral Processing:
o Enhance Resource Discoveries and Locating deep concealed deposits
o Get Real-Time Data
o Reduce Risk: Integrated Technologies (CPS Systems) for Safe Mining
o Smart & Sustainable Mining
o Simplify Mining Operations
In order to get an exhaustive input on the present conditions and future needs of Mining industries in India, interactive sessions with major stakeholders were organized in the recent past. Based on their inputs, a comprehensive list of problems requiring urgent attention in mining industries were prepared. While formulating the key issues in Indian Mining Industries and the possible solutions way forward, various strategic papers, white papers, vision documents published by major public and private sectors, Annual reports of Govt. and Public Sectors etc. were referred in length. The major guidelines for laying the strategy to solve the defined problems are as follows:
• Mass production and modern mining technologies
• Indigenous Equipment Manufacturing for mine to mill operations: promoting Make in India, Uchchatar Aviskar Yojana.
• Green Mining initiatives - mitigate environmental impacts; and
• Promote transparency and wider participation of all the stakeholders - digital initiatives
|S.No.||Target Area||Set Targets||Achieved Targets|
|1st Yr||2nd Yr||3rd Yr||4th Yr||5th Yr||Total||1st Yr||2nd Yr||3rd Yr||4th Yr||5th Yr||Total|
|1.1||No of Technologies (IP, Licensing, Patents etc)||2||3||5||5||5||20||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|1.3||Publications, IPR and other Intellectual activities||5||10||10||10||10||45||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|1.4||Increase in CPS Research Base||5||10||15||20||20||70||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|2.1||Technology Business Incubator (TBI)||1||0||0||0||0||1||1||0||0||0||0||1|
|2.2||Start-ups & Spin-off companies||5||10||10||10||0||35||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|2.3||GCC - Grand Challenges & Competitions||0||1||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|2.4||Promotion and Acceleration of Young and Aspiring technology entrepreneurs (PRAYAS)||1||0||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|2.5||CPS-Entrepreneur In Residence (EIR)||10||11||0||0||0||21||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|2.6||Dedicated Innovation Accelerator (DIAL)||1||0||0||0||0||1||1||0||0||0||0||1|
|2.7||CPS-Seed Support System (CPS- SSS)||1||0||0||0||0||1||1||0||0||0||0||1|
Human Resource Development
|3.2||Post Graduate Fellowships||10||10||10||12||0||42||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Total Set Targets||9686||Total Achieved Targets||21|