Technology Innovation Hub
Cyber security, Computer security or information security is the protection of computer systems and networks from the theft of or damage to their hardware, software, or electronic data, as well as from the disruption or misdirection of the services they provide. The 2013 National Cyber Security policy notification captures the essence of the urgent need for indigenous research on cyber security and cyber defense, as the next frontier for national defense is the cyber frontier. While countries such as the US, UK, European nations, Russian Federation, China, Japan, South Korea etc., are all working on developing technologies to protect their cyber-space, often the tools and techniques developed for their purposes are export restricted. As a result, even when certain cyber defense technologies are commercially available, the ones that are most required are often beyond the reach of other nations.
The Cyber Security Technology Innovation Hub plans to carry out research in cyber security and cyber defense of three domain verticals – namely critical infrastructure cyber physical Systems (CI-CPS), Automotive Control (A-CPS), and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Control (U-CPS). All these verticals are cyber physical systems in their own ways – but have different scales and scopes of cyber-attacks on them.
Critical Infrastructure CPS (CI-CPS): A critical infrastructure CPS such as power generation, transmission or distribution systems span large geographical areas, have physical dynamics that are affected by components which are far apart in geography, and the control is hierarchical based on utility area control, state level load dispatch control, sub-grid level control (e.g., load dispatch centers for the five sub-grids – northern, eastern, western, north-eastern and southern grids in India), and overall control via the central load dispatch center. Other critical infrastructures such as water treatment plants, sewage treatment and control in municipal areas, or a factory automation in a factory scale scope, are also distributed, multi-stage, heterogeneous control-based CPS – but have a different impact levels in case of cyber-attacks.
Automotive CPS (A-CPS): In automotive CPS, the control is mostly confined within an automotive, even though modern automotive have close to 100 processors, multiple network clusters with bridges between them, and often in modern day cars – interaction with GPS, or other types of satellite-based communication mechanism. However, it has been shown in the recent research that control systems in cars have often exposed to cyber-attack through which a car can be hijacked, it’s control can be compromised, response time may be rendered too slow for breaks to engage. Even GPS spoofing and other techniques could lead a car to wrong directions.
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle CPS (U-CPS): In the unmanned aerial vehicle domain, there are multiple different components – on board flight control platform, remote operation and monitoring, the flight module service, the flight module client, flight management server, and finally the regulatory servers – all would be targets for cyber-attacks.
The Hub will be in IIT Kanpur which already has well-developed components to enable above activities. These include a Center for Cyber Security of Critical Infrastructure (C3i), an Incubation Center (as a Section 8 company), a Technopark enabling industry collaborations (as another Section 8 company), and a media center that has expertise in developing MooCs and other online courseware. Apart from the work at IIT Kanpur, the Hub will support security research and development at institutions across the country, with three collaborating partners already on board to help substantially at the various layers where they have the right expertise. Foreign collaborators will also have substantial impact on the research agenda. The Industry partners will provide the pathway to understanding the industrial needs, as well as in some cases productization of the developed tools and provide services based on the methodologies and standards developed.
|S.No.||Target Area||Set Targets||Achieved Targets|
|1st Yr||2nd Yr||3rd Yr||4th Yr||5th Yr||Total||1st Yr||2nd Yr||3rd Yr||4th Yr||5th Yr||Total|
|1.1||No of Technologies (IP, Licensing, Patents etc)||5||10||10||10||15||50||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|1.3||Publications, IPR and other Intellectual activities||15||15||20||20||20||90||15||4||0||0||0||19|
|1.4||Increase in CPS Research Base||42||42||21||0||0||105||0||25||0||0||0||25|
|2.1||Technology Business Incubator (TBI)||1||0||0||0||0||1||1||1||0||0||0||2|
|2.2||Start-ups & Spin-off companies||15||25||25||30||30||125||0||13||0||0||0||13|
|2.3||GCC - Grand Challenges & Competitions||1||1||1||1||0||4||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|2.4||Promotion and Acceleration of Young and Aspiring technology entrepreneurs (PRAYAS)||1||0||0||0||0||1||0||13||0||0||0||13|
|2.5||CPS-Entrepreneur In Residence (EIR)||10||20||20||25||25||100||0||15||0||0||0||15|
|2.6||Dedicated Innovation Accelerator (DIAL)||1||0||0||0||0||1||1||1||0||0||0||2|
|2.7||CPS-Seed Support System (CPS- SSS)||1||0||0||0||0||1||0||1||0||0||0||1|
Human Resource Development
|3.2||Post Graduate Fellowships||22||22||22||22||22||110||15||22||0||0||0||37|
|Total Set Targets||15227||Total Achieved Targets||354|